Whether in an urban, suburban or rural landscape, tending to the home or garden comes with a number of challenges involving insects, weeds, trees, shrubs, turf, and critters. New Jersey residents spend significant time and money coping with theses challenges—but not alone, thanks to the vast array of services offered by the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES). Cooperative Extension, a unit of the experiment station, serves homeowners through fact sheets, Rutgers Master Gardener helplines, workshops, and services that test soil and diagnose plant disease. While extension personnel and Rutgers Master Gardener volunteers are on the front lines providing information to residents, Rutgers researchers are working behind the scenes developing plant and turf varieties that are more resistant, drought tolerant, or environmentally friendly by requiring less input.
Community Garden Unveiling at the Flemington Food Pantry
A lesson learned in the Educational Garden
Deer resistant Siberian Iris was being divided and replacing the Day-lilies (aka deer candy). The rule was, single blade divide and replant and take out all the folded blade plants. In our zeal to remove Day-lilies from our garden, a deer and rabbit resistant plant, Kniphofia uvaria, commonly called Torch lily or Poker lily, was taken out!
Closer observation would have distinguished Day-lily with a thinner leaf blade gently arching and the blades are entire( smooth edge).Kniphofia uvaria has a thicker folded blade that folds over and the edge is finely serrated(1st photo). Day-lily leaves also have blades coming out of the crown inone plane while Kniphofia uvaria have leaves in several planes.
Another difference is in the root system. Thick fibrous roots (2nd picture) are similar but Day-lilies (on the right)have small tuberous areas and Kniphofia uvaria roots are thick without any tubers (on the left).