HUNTERDON COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
HUMAN SWINE FLU INVESTIGATION IN CALIFORNIA AND TEXAS
Eight cases of human swine flu currently are being investigated in the U.S. Six cases occurred in San Diego County and Imperial County California and two cases are in San Antonio, Texas. It is also being reporting that an unspecified number of cases exist in Mexico, some of which have been fatal. Samples obtained from the Mexican cases appear to be the same swine influenza strain identified in the U.S.
The cases in California and Texas were found during routine surveillance. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) conducted testing on all 8 samples and determined them to be swine influenza A (H1N1). These are human infections with swine influenza viruses which normally infect and cause illness in pigs.
While there appears to be some human-to-human spread of these viruses, only one of the U.S. cases required hospitalization and all persons infected to date are now fully recovered.
In the U.S. cases, febrile respiratory illness was caused by infection with the swine influenza virus and contains a unique combination of gene segments not previously reported. Investigations are ongoing to determine the source of the infection and whether additional people are infected with similar swine influenza viruses. Because this is an evolving investigation, more information and updates will be provided as they become available.
In Hunterdon County, the health department is already in full motion providing all pertinent information to the local medical community, ensuring that they are fully aware of the news coming from the CDC Health Alert Network and the NJ Local Information Network Communications System (LINCS).
“It is understandable that people will be concerned about this outbreak of swine flu in California and Texas, but it is important recognize that there are no reported cases in New Jersey,” said John Beckley, health officer and director of the Hunterdon County Department of Health.
“However, as in all cases where the possibility of human-to-human spread is present, we’re especially vigilant in our local epidemiological surveillance. We are in constant contact with New Jersey health officials and we also continue to monitor the situation in other states in cooperation with the CDC.”
The Hunterdon County Department of Health website will also present updates at www.co.hunterdon.nj.us/health.htm.